Saturday, 23 November 2013

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, New Delhi, India, Nov 2013

How many birds can you shake a stick at? Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary just kept on giving today with hardly a moment when a new bird wasn’t trying to grab my attention and make it onto the list. The final tally rounded out at 78(-ish) with 2 red-letter species for my all-time roll.

The day started with the usual hassle of trying to find a driver that knows the way. Confusion arises as there is a New Delhi suburb called Sultanpur, whereas Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary is over 50kms and an hour’s drive further on beyond the urban sprawl. Vinod Kumar drove today and we spent 15 minutes before we left trying to make absolutely sure that we were going to the right place, then another 20 minutes waiting at a gas station to fill up for the journey. Despite his lack of knowledge of the countryside beyond the city, Vinod was reassuringly enthusiastic in his use of the horn and displayed an admirable sense of urgency once we were up and running.


We arrived shortly after 07.30 with the sun freshly risen and a slight mist which never quite burned away. The gates were locked and we found that the opening times have been changed. They would not open until 09.00 today and not at all on Tuesdays. This is a new timetable and I was lucky not to have been caught out. Immediately next door is The Rosy Pelican, a tea shop and gardens where I spent a productive hour or so waiting for the sanctuary to open. They have made an unusual selection in choosing a pin-up to advertise their birdy credentials, but there was plenty to see here.


Black-rumped Flamebacks were easy to find. The male, on the right, has a complete red crest while the female, has a bi-coloured black and red crest. Oriental White-eyes flitted through the alien eucalypts and small Phylloscopus warblers teased me with their similarities to each other and aberrant markings when compared to the field guide.


I managed to pin down a constant clicking to the Red-throated Flycatcher and the Greenish Warbler was identified by his rising two-syllable call “chaoo-ee”. Rose-ringed Parakeets were plentiful and approachable. They pair up at this time of year to search for nesting sites, so these two, with the collared male on the right, may have been a bonded couple.


At 09.00 I wandered around to the main gate and stopped to take a quick look at a drab bird in the acacias on the far side of the road. I was on the lookout for a Large Grey Babbler and there was a small flock of them feeding in the trees and on the ground. This is a bird which was absent from the field guide that I used during my formative years of Indian birding and it didn’t stand out from the plate in my new book, so I had never thought to look for it until I noticed it mentioned on an eBird submission for Sultanpur. Separating it from the similar Jungle Babbler was to have been the target task of my day. Mission accomplished!


 A bird guide pointed out a Spotted Owlet just inside the gate which took the pressure off. One lifer, one owl; already a great day. I headed left along the track that skirts the north-eastern corner of the lake. The water is slightly obscured by trees and undergrowth, but most of the action was on the other side of the path where Black Redstarts, Lesser White-throats, Common Tailorbird and Hume’s Warbler were seen. A Common Hawk Cuckoo dropped down before I could get a decent look, but was more approachable on the return journey.


Alarm calls betrayed more small warblers with Blythe’s Reed Warbler and a small flock of Common Chiffchaff keeping an eye out for the young Shikra prominently perched on a dead snag.


A female Nilgai and her two calves splashed across the shallow water towards one of the islands. They wander freely around the sanctuary, but are wary and during the day, they like the security offered by the small islands of the lake.


A spit gives a good opportunity to get closer to the colony of nesting Painted Storks that has been breeding here for many years. It would also allow for good views of the waterfowl if only the mist would lift. The weather can be an issue here sometimes with thick fog hampering viewing during winter mornings. Today it was a bit hazy, and kept the contrast of the photos low, but the storks and their large, greyish young were easy enough to see at about 80 meters beyond the end of the spit.


The Sanctuary management has provided small mounds across the lake for roosting waterfowl. From the end of the spit, lots of ducks could be seen on the open water and there were plenty of Greylag Geese on the flat banks to the south. I was a bit surprised that I had only seen a very few wading birds. Black-winged Stilt are usually easy to find.


One Common Redshank showed its white wing pattern as it flushed from close to the bank, but when I came to look at a small group of leggy birds on a small hump, I saw the longer bill and light stripe above the eye that indicated a Spotted Redshank amongst the White-tailed Lapwings and stilts.


In all, I had only walked a very short distance and scanned across about 50 acres of water, weedy bank and light scrub woodland, but had taken around four hours to do it. Vinod would be waiting to take me back to New Delhi soon, so I had to start thinking about heading home. Back at the gate, I couldn’t resist a very quick foray beyond to see if I could see the cranes that I thought I had heard earlier. I was lucky to run into Sanjay, a naturalist at the sanctuary who pointed out a Brook’s Leaf Warbler which I would have struggled with on my own.


He also knew of a pair of Indian Scops Owls that roost in the gardens, close to where the taxi was parked.


A few of the birds in the list below were seen from the road as we approached the reserve, or as we drove home. They were close enough to include as part of the Sultanpur list, but are italicised for clarity. Lesser Spotted Eagles do not appear as I was unable to confirm them through the mist at distance. I am given to believe that the area around the sanctuary can be very productive, so if you arrive early, it is well worth searching the environs until the gate opens.


Birds seen; 78

Greylag Goose 120, Comb Duck 15, Ruddy Shelduck 15, Gadwall 12, Eurasian Wigeon 6, Mallard 2, Indian Spot-billed Duck 80, Northern Shoveler 10, Northern Pintail 25, Green-winged Teal 60, Common Pochard 8, Grey Francolin 4, Indian Peafowl 6, Little Grebe 4, Painted Stork 150, Great Cormorant 5, Little Cormorant 60, Oriental Darter 2, Grey Heron 4, Purple Heron 3, Great Egret 5, Intermediate Egret 2, Little Egret 2, Cattle Egret 8, Indian Pond Heron 6, Black-headed Ibis 40, Red-naped Ibis 5, Black Kite 6, Crested Serpent Eagle 1, Eurasian Marsh Harrier 1, Shikra 1, Tawny Eagle 1, Eurasian Kestrel 1, White-breasted Waterhen 3, Purple Swamphen 20, Eurasian Moorhen 120, Eurasian Coot 80, Red-wattled Lapwing 4, White-tailed Lapwing 2, Black-winged Stilt 5, Spotted Redshank 1, Common Redshank 1, Eurasian Collared-dove 2, Yellow-footed Pigeon 2, Rose-ringed Parakeet 80, Common Hawk Cuckoo 1, Greater Coucal 2, Indian Scops Owls 2, Spotted Owlet 1, White-throated Kingfisher 2, Green Bee-eater 12, Indian Roller 4, Eurasian Hoopoe 2, Indian Grey Hornbill 1, Black-rumped Flameback 6, Black Drongo 6, Rufous Treepie 1, House Crow 10, Barn Swallow 6, Red-vented Bulbul 1, Common Chiffchaff 8, Brooks’s Leaf-Warbler 1, Hume’s Warbler 2, Greenish Warbler 15, Blythe’s Reed Warbler 1, Common Tailorbird 2, Yellow-bellied Prinia 6, Plain Prinia 2, Lesser Whitethroat 5, Oriental White-eye 35, Large Grey Babbler 20, Jungle Babbler 25, Oriental Magpie Robin 1, Red-throated Flycatcher 15, Black Redstart 6, Bank Myna 2, Common Myna 6, Purple Sunbird 1.


Sultanpur Jheel or Bird Sanctuary can be found approximately 30 Kms to the southwest of New Delhi’s Indira Ghandi International Airport at Google Earth ref;28 28 4.73N 76 53 30.19E

It is open from 09.00 until 16.30, 6 days a week. It is closed on Tuesdays. There are toilets at the sanctuary and a tea shop in the gardens next door. Bring water.

It can still be productive to arrive early as the gardens next door at the Rosy Pelican are very good and the area around the sanctuary is said to have many birds, though I suspect that this may be a seasonal (probably winter) abundance.

Cost for a non-Indian national with a dirty great camera was IR 65. A guide offered me his services at IR 1000 (approx US$ 18), but I usually prefer to look out for myself.

A taxi will have to leave the city and cross the state line into Haryana. There used to be some permit issues in this respect, but there were no problems today. A private hire car can cross without any difficulties. Check with your driver.

A metered journey cost IR 2700 for the return trip and 4 hours waiting. There is a toll on the road of IR 100. A non-metered negotiated journey can be substantially less.

Previous posts from Sultanpur can be found at the links below;
http://redgannet.blogspot.co.uk/2009/10/sultanpur-new-delhi-india.html
http://redgannet.blogspot.co.uk/2012/01/sultanpur-national-park-new-delhi.html

Visit the dedicated India Page for more posts from New Delhi including Tughlaqabad FortKalindi Kunj and Merauli.